+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Primary prevention research: a preliminary review of program outcome studies

, : Primary prevention research: a preliminary review of program outcome studies. International Journal of the Addictions 15(5): 657-676

This article reviews 35 drug abuse prevention program evaluations employing drug-specific outcome measures. Many of these evaluations assessed the effects of "new generation" prevention strategies: affective, peer-oriented, and multidimensional approaches. Only 14 studies evaluated purely informational programs. Evaluations were analyzed to ascertain (1) characteristics of the programs under study, (2) characteristics of the research designs, and (3) patterns among findings. This review provides some evidence that the newer prevention strategies may produce more positive and fewer negative outcomes than did older drug information approaches. Over 70% of the programs using the newer strategies produced some positive effects; only 29% showed negative effects. In contrast, 46% of informational programs showed positive effects; 46% showed negative effects. These findings must be approached with great caution, since the research was frequently scientifically inadequate, and since rigor of research was negatively correlated with intensity and duration of program services.

Accession: 006184090

PMID: 7419300

DOI: 10.3109/10826088009040046

Submit PDF Full Text: Here

Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:

Related references

Novák, J., 1988: The program for primary prevention and secondary prevention of ischemic coronary disease and research at the Laboratory of Human Energy Resources of the University of Wyoming in Laramie. Casopis Lekaru Ceskych 127(37-38): 1190-1192

Kwoh, K.; Warner, G.; Trapel, E.; Morgan, L.; Landis, C.; Drotar, D.; Lerner, E.; Rosen, C., 2000: Randomized controlled trial of a osteoporosis primary prevention program Preliminary results. Journal of Bone & Mineral Research 15(Suppl 1): S561, September

Coote, S.; Sosnoff, J.J.; Gunn, H., 2015: Fall Incidence as the Primary Outcome in Multiple Sclerosis Falls-Prevention Trials: Recommendation from the International MS Falls Prevention Research Network. The aim of this article is to provide recommendations on behalf of the International MS Falls Prevention Research Network (IMSFPRN) for the primary outcome measure for multiple sclerosis (MS) falls-prevention interventions. The article will consid...

Weissberg, R.P.; Cowen, E.L.; Lotyczewski, B.S.; Gesten, E.L., 1983: The primary mental health project: seven consecutive years of program outcome research. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 51(1): 100-107

Piran, N., 2005: Prevention of eating disorders: a review of outcome evaluation research. Prevention programs for eating disorders have been targeted both at primary prevention, through minimizing risk and enhancing protective factors, and secondary prevention, through the early identification of individuals displaying sub-clinical for...

Whittemore, R., 2011: A systematic review of the translational research on the Diabetes Prevention Program. International clinical trials have demonstrated compelling evidence on the prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes (T2D) by lifestyle change programs. Numerous studies have translated the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) protocol to "real-wor...

Upadhyay, S.Kumar.; Jha, A.Kumar.; Mishra, S.C., 2004: Community oriented research program for prevention of deafness with special stress on children - A preliminary report. A study of community- oriented multilaleral study was carried out in rural community of eastern Nepal where in total of 2564 patients were screened out and it revealed that multi nutritional deficiency comprised of 20% along with unsatisfactory or...

Anonymous, 1979: The coronary primary prevention trial: design and implementation: the Lipid Research Clinics Program. Journal of Chronic Diseases 32(9-10): 609-631

Lalonde, L.; Goudreau, J.; Hudon, Éveline.; Lussier, M-Thérèse.; Bareil, Céline.; Duhamel, F.; Lévesque, L.; Turcotte, A.; Lalonde, G., 2014: Development of an interprofessional program for cardiovascular prevention in primary care: A participatory research approach. The chronic care model provides a framework for improving the management of chronic diseases. Participatory research could be useful in developing a chronic care model-based program of interventions, but no one has as yet offered a description of...

Tabak, R.G.; Sinclair, Kàimi.A.; Baumann, A.A.; Racette, S.B.; Sebert Kuhlmann, A.; Johnson-Jennings, M.D.; Brownson, R.C., 2015: A review of diabetes prevention program translations: use of cultural adaptation and implementation research. The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) has been shown to prevent type 2 diabetes through lifestyle modification. The purpose of this study was to describe the literature on DPP translation, synthesizing studies using cultural adaptation and impleme...