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Primary structure of chum salmon oncorhynchus keta prolactins occurrence of highly conserved regions


Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics 244(2): 528-541
Primary structure of chum salmon oncorhynchus keta prolactins occurrence of highly conserved regions
The complete amino acid sequence of prolactin from the pituitaries of salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) has been determined. Salmon prolactin comprised two variants, I and II, which were separated by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Each variant was reduced, S-carboxymethylated, and then cleaved with cyanogen bromide and enzymes. The resulting fragments were separated by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, as well as gel filtration, and subjected to sequence analysis by the dansyl-Edman method. Both variants contain 187 amino acid residues with two disulfide linkages at residues 46-160 and 177-187, lack a linkage in the N-terminal portion of mammalian prolactins, and differ from each other by the replacement of only four amino acid residues. Salmon prolactin (sPRL) showes 31% sequence identity with ovine prolactin. Moreover, four restricted regions, i.e., sPRL (3-21), (46-60), (68-83), and (160-178), encompass this significant conservatism between the teleost and the mammalian hormone, with identities of 47, 87, 62, and 68%, respectively. Such considerable identity between these distant phylogenic species strongly suggests that these regions may be responsible for the biological activity of prolactin.


Accession: 006184842



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