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Primary structure of chum salmon oncorhynchus keta prolactins occurrence of highly conserved regions


, : Primary structure of chum salmon oncorhynchus keta prolactins occurrence of highly conserved regions. Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics 244(2): 528-541

The complete amino acid sequence of prolactin from the pituitaries of salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) has been determined. Salmon prolactin comprised two variants, I and II, which were separated by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Each variant was reduced, S-carboxymethylated, and then cleaved with cyanogen bromide and enzymes. The resulting fragments were separated by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, as well as gel filtration, and subjected to sequence analysis by the dansyl-Edman method. Both variants contain 187 amino acid residues with two disulfide linkages at residues 46-160 and 177-187, lack a linkage in the N-terminal portion of mammalian prolactins, and differ from each other by the replacement of only four amino acid residues. Salmon prolactin (sPRL) showes 31% sequence identity with ovine prolactin. Moreover, four restricted regions, i.e., sPRL (3-21), (46-60), (68-83), and (160-178), encompass this significant conservatism between the teleost and the mammalian hormone, with identities of 47, 87, 62, and 68%, respectively. Such considerable identity between these distant phylogenic species strongly suggests that these regions may be responsible for the biological activity of prolactin.

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