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Primate phylogeny ecology and social behavior

Primate phylogeny ecology and social behavior

Journal of Anthropological Research 31(4): 376-405

Results are presented from multivariate quantitative analyses with special reference to the relative importance of phylogenetic and environmental determinants of the relationships among 19 demographic, ecological and social-behavior variables observed in 21 primate species [Propithecus verreauxi, Lemur catta, Alouatta spp., Saimiri oerstedi, Papio spp., Macaca spp., Presbytis spp., Erythrocebus patas, Cercocebus albigena, Cercopithecus aethiops, Hylobates lar, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla beringei]. The variables are group size; population density; day range; home range; percentages of adult males, adult females, juveniles, and infants; body weight of adult males and females; sex ratio; arboreality; biomass; available food; dimorphism; frequencies of aggression; social grooming; play; and copulation. Four classifications of the species and 5 phylogenetic trees are considered. The tree based on ecological-demographic distances correlates significantly, but not strongly, with the tree based on paleontology. Phylogenetic and environmental factors apparently are about equally important determinants of primate social behavior.

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Accession: 006185556

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DOI: 10.2307/3629888

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