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Prospective study of self poisoned patients in trondheim norway 1978






Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening 104(24): 1627-1631, 1674

Prospective study of self poisoned patients in trondheim norway 1978

Data from 257 patients admitted 303 times for acute self-poisoning are presented. Of the patients, 58% were females and 71% were under age 40. A single drug was used by 41%. Patients under age 20 most often used analgesics (40%) and alcohol (16%) as main poisons, and the drugs were usually prescribed for persons other than themselves. Older patients usually used psychoactive drugs (65%) prescribed for themselves (70%). Little benefit was obtained from an extensive toxicological analysis in addition to the ordinary routine laboratory analysis. The largest groups of drugs found at critically high plasma concentrations were tricyclic antidepressants and salicylates. The patients arrived at the hospital shortly after poisoning (mean 4 2/3 h). Complications were few (8%) and the mortality was low (1%). After medical treatment had been completed (mean duration 34 h) the patients stayed in the ward for an equally long period of time for social and psychiatric arrangements. Transfer to a psychiatric institution was necessary in 21%, and 35% were referred to outpatient psychiatric treatment or other social institutions after discharge.


Accession: 006206237



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