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Proteolytic modification of rat liver fructose 1 6 bis phosphate aldolase ec 4.1.2.13 by administration of leupeptin in vivo



Proteolytic modification of rat liver fructose 1 6 bis phosphate aldolase ec 4.1.2.13 by administration of leupeptin in vivo



Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 659(2): 378-389



When leupeptin, a thiol protease inhibitor of microbial origin, was injected into rats, the activity of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (D-fructose-1,6-bis-phosphate D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-lyase, EC 4.1.2.13) in the liver decreased to .apprx. 60% of that in control rats. The concentration of aldolase protein in the liver extracts, measured with a specific antibody obtained with enzyme purified on a phosphocellulose column, remained unchanged. Injection of leupeptin also caused a marked increase in the activities of free lysosomal proteases, such as cathepsin B (EC 3.4.22.1), cathepsin L (EC 3.4.22.-), cathepsin D (EC 3.4.23.5) and lysosomal carboxypeptidase A in the cytosol fraction. A clear inverse relationship between aldolase and cathepsin B activities in the cytosol fraction was demonstrated. The possibility that the less active form of aldolase detected in the livers of leupeptin-treated rats was produced during homogenization was excluded by showing that the aldolase activity was not changed by addition of various protease inhibitors to the homogenization medium. When insulin was coinjected with leupeptin, increase in the activity of free cathepsin L and decrease of activity of aldolase produced by the injection of leupeptin was prevented. Apparently modification of aldolase may be due to the action of a lysosomal protease(s). Enhanced sensitivity of lysosomes to osmotic shock was demonstrated in the livers of leupeptin-treated rats, suggesting that the lysosomal membrane is labilized by administration of leupeptin. Incubation of the purified aldolase with the lysosomal fraction produced the same changes in properties of aldolase as those observed in vivo on injection of leupeptin.

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Proteolytic modification of rat liver fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase by administration of leupeptin in vivo. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 659(2): 378-389, 1981

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