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Prothoracicotropic hormone activity in the embryonic brain of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta



Prothoracicotropic hormone activity in the embryonic brain of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta



Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology 157(3): 279-283



Head segments and brains were extirpated from embryos of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, extracted and the resulting extracts assayed for prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) activity on prothoracic glands from day 3 fifth instar larvae and day 0 pupae. Dose-response curves were generated and indicated the presence of PTTH activity in embryonic brains and head segments, suggesting a role(s) for this neurohormone during embryogenesis. Maximal PTTH activity was found in brains from embryos 117 h post-oviposition, just prior to hatching, but activity was also noted in head segments as early as 24 h post-oviposition. These data on PTTH and those on ecdysteroids and juvenile hormones in embryos suggest that these 3 classes of hormones which control insect post-embryonic development, may also be involved in the regulation of developmental processes in the embryo.

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Accession: 006215135

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PMID: 3624582



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