Purification, characterization and substrate specificity of a basic proteinase in the venom of habu (Trimeresurus flavoviridis)

Yamakawa, Y.; Omori-Satoh, T.; Sadahiro, S.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 925(2): 124-132


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002
PMID: 3304426
DOI: 10.1016/0304-4165(87)90101-2
Accession: 006231534

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A basic proteinase was purified and characterized from the venom of Habu (Trimeresurus flavoviridis). Its molecular weight, isoelectric point and optimum pH were approx. 24,000, 9.2 and 9, respectively. Susceptibility to several reagents was examined. The proteinase had endopeptidase activity cleaving the Gly-Leu bond in synthetic peptides but no exopeptidase activity. It did not hydrolyze a peptide, Z-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro, which had been a good substrate for the major proteinase in the venom. The proteinase cleaved oxidized insulin B chain at five positions: His10-Leu11, Ala14-Leu15, Tyr16-Leu17, Gly23-Phe24 and Phe24-Phe25. From the disappearance of intermediate peptides and the peptides accumulated, the order and the intensity of cleavage of these positions were determined, and the substrate specificity was compared with those hitherto described for hemorrhagic and nonhemorrhagic venom proteinases.