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Quantitative genetics of agronomic and nutritional traits in related grain sorghum sorghum bicolor random mating populations as affected by selection



Quantitative genetics of agronomic and nutritional traits in related grain sorghum sorghum bicolor random mating populations as affected by selection



Crop Science 26(1): 9-13



Two related populations (NP20BR-ME and NP20BR-MEYD) of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] that were developed by one cycle of mass selection with the objectives of increasing metabolizable energy (ME) and metabolizable energy yield (MEYD), respectively, were evaluated for the effect of selection on and the relationships between agronomic and nutritional traits. Estimates were obtained from random S1 families from each population in a replications-in-blocks design. The means of the two populations did not differ statistically for any agronomic or nutritional trait and had similar estimates of genetic variances that revealed large genetic variation for agronomic traits but relatively little for nutritional traits. Most traits had significant genotype .times. year interaction variances. Broad-sense heritabilities for all traits were relatively high (0.44 to 0.92), has low standard errors (0.10 to 0.12), and were similar in both populations. Predicted gains from 20% selection intensity were 18.2 and 15.9% of the population means for grain yield in NP20BR-ME and NP20BR-MEYD, respectively. Expected gains for ME were small, and sometimes negative, whether selection was for yield, ME, or MEYD. Directional selection for grain yield alone or for ME alone would not be expected to result in simultaneous improvement of grain yield and ME, but selection for high MEYD should result in yield improvement equivalent to selection for grain yield alone with similar reductions in most nutritional traits negatively correlated with grain yield.

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Accession: 006244054

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