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Reaction of physalis species to plant viruses x. physalis lanceifolia as a new host to some mechanically transmissible viruses



Reaction of physalis species to plant viruses x. physalis lanceifolia as a new host to some mechanically transmissible viruses



Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 20(1-2): 103-108



The literature on plant virology contains no data concerning the virus susceptibility of Physalis lanceifolia Nees (except the aphid-borne mechanically not transmissible potato leaf roll virus). In inoculation experiments we found the plant in question to be locally and systemically susceptible to 14 viruses (alfalfa mosaic virus, belladonna mottle virus, broad bean wilt virus, cucumber mosaic virus, Melandrium yellow fleck virus, potato virus X, potato virus Y, tobacco mosaic virus, tobacco rattle virus, tobacco ring spot virus, tomato aspermy virus, tomato mosaic virus, tomato ring spot virus and turnip mosaic virus). Due to the conspicuousness of the symptoms and the rapidity of their development the Physalis lanceifolia Nees is one of the most suitable indicator plants among the Physalis species tested so far. The experimental plant has shown resistance to seven viruses (bean common mosaic virus, bean yellow mosaic virus, carnation ring spot virus, cucumber green mottle mosaic virus, tobacco necrosis virus, turnip yellow mosaic virus, watermelon mosaic virus). These results are in agreement with those obtained with other Physalis species found resistant to the above viruses; the only exception is the local host-virus relation between several Physalis species (e.g. Physalis pubescens L., P. aequata Jacq., P. viscosa L.) and the tobacco necrosis virus.

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Related references

Reaction of Physalis species to plant viruses. X. Physalis lanceifolia Nees, as a new host to some mechanically transmissible viruses. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 20(1/2): 103-107, 1985

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