EurekaMag.com logo
+ Translate

Recent changes in serological markers of hepatitis B virus infection in Japanese university students


, : Recent changes in serological markers of hepatitis B virus infection in Japanese university students. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 147(2): 213-216

University students were screened for serological markers of hepatitis B virus infection every year. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) determined by reversed passive hemagglutination and antibody to HBsAg (anti-HBs) by passive hemagglutination were positive in 1.7% and 7.3% of the first-year students in 1978-80, respectively, and 1.1% and 3.8% in 1981-84. The difference in the prevalences of anti-HBs between 1978-80 and 1981-84 was statistically significant (p less than 0.001). Hepatitis B e antigen, which was positive by less sensitive immunodiffusion in 52% of HBsAg carrier students in 1976-79, was detected by more sensitive radioimmunoassay only in 19% in 1980-84. The difference was statistically significant (p less than 0.01). Recently changes in hepatitis B virus infection seem to be occurring in Japanese university students.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 006269323

PMID: 4082178

DOI: 10.1620/tjem.147.213

Submit PDF Full Text: Here


Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:
Close
Close

Related references

Nakamura, S., 1982: Serological markers of hepatitis A and B virus infection in university students. Serological markers of hepatitis A and B virus infection were determined by radioimmunoassay in 162 university students. Antibody to hepatitis B e antigen (anti-HBe) was demonstrated in 11 of 15 students positive for both antibody to hepatitis B e...

Nakamura S., 1982: Serological markers of hepatitis a and hepatitis b virus infection in university students. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 138(2): 237-238

Nakamura S., 1984: Serological markers of hepatitis a and hepatitis b virus infection in overseas students. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 142(1): 115-116

Nakamura, S., 1984: Serological markers of hepatitis A and B virus infection in overseas students. Serological markers of hepatitis A and B virus infection were determined by radioimmunoassay in 83 overseas university students. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was detected in 8 students (9.6%), antibody to HBsAg and/or antibody to hepatitis...

Uchida, T.; Aye, T.T.; Becker, S.O.; Hirashima, M.; Shikata, T.; Komine, F.; Moriyama, M.; Arakawa, Y.; Takase, S.; Mima, S., 1993: Detection of precore/core-mutant hepatitis B virus genome in patients with acute or fulminant hepatitis without serological markers for recent HBV infection. To confirm the possibility that some hepatitis B virus (HBV) variants do not induce HB s antigen (HBsAg), anti-HB core antibody (anti-HBc) and anti-HBc IgM in a transient infection, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed in 20 patients with...

Uchida, T.; Aye, T.T.ein; Becker, S.O.; Hirashima, M.; Shikata, T.; Komine, F.; Moriyama, M.; Arakawa, Y.; Takase, S.; Mima, S., 1993: Detection of precore/core-mutant hepatitis B virus genome in patients with acute or fulminant hepatitis without serological markers for recent HBV infection. To confirm the possibility that some hepatitis B virus (HBV) variants do not induce HB s antigen (HBsAg), anti-HB core antibody (anti-HBc) and anti-HBc IgM in a transient infection, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed in 20 patients with...

Forbi, J.; Pennap, G.; Silas-Ndukuba, C.; Agabi, Y.; Agwale, S., 2010: Serological markers and risk factors for hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses among students in a Nigerian university. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the seroprevalence rates of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infections and to analyze associated risk factors among 400 students in a Nigerian. Participants were interviewed in a face-t...

Onyekwere, C.A.; Anomneze, E.E.; Wali, S.S., 2002: Prevalence of serological markers of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in diabetics in the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, a major world health problem, is hyper endemic in South-East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa including Nigeria. Being a major cause of morbidity and mortality, prophylaxis using the highly efficacious hepatitis B vac...

Buti, M.; Esteban, R.; Roggendorf, M.; Fernandez, J.; Jardi, R.; Rashofer, R.; Allende, H.; Genesca, J.; Esteban, J.I.; Guardia, J., 1988: Hepatitis D virus RNA in acute delta infection: serological profile and correlation with other markers of hepatitis D virus infection. To evaluate the profile of hepatitis D virus replication and the corresponding immunoresponse after acute hepatitis D virus infection, sera from 50 patients with acute hepatitis D (36 with acute hepatitis B virus-hepatitis D virus coinfection and...

Moreno García, M., 1997: Hepatitis B virus infection in the absence of serological markers or with atypical serological patterns. Revista Clinica Espanola 197(4): 248-258