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Recent synthetic applications of the kolbe electrolysis

, : Recent synthetic applications of the kolbe electrolysis. Chemistry & Physics of Lipids 24(4): 321-334

Kolbe electrolysis is an effective and simple method for coupling of carboxylates. Experimental conditions and substitutents in the carboxylate that favor dimerization are specified and representative preparative examples are given. Cross-coupling of carboxylates with half-esters of dicarboxylic acids affords an easy access to fatty acids; additive dimerization with butadiene yields unsaturated diesters. Recent applications of the Kolbe reaction are the preparation of 1,5-dienes by dimerization of .beta., .gamma.-unsaturated acids and the synthesis of pheromones, e.g., muscalure, looplure, brevicomin or disparlure by mixed coupling of unsaturated carboxylic acids with half-esters of dicarboxylic acids.

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Accession: 006269796

DOI: 10.1016/0009-3084(79)90117-8

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