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Reconstruction of quaternary environments through study of vegetable macroremains bateke area congo



Reconstruction of quaternary environments through study of vegetable macroremains bateke area congo



Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 66(1-2): 33-44



Three climatic periods are known in the Congo for the last 40 millennia: the humid Njilian (40,000-30,000 yr B.P.) is followed by the drier Leopoldvillian (30,000-12,000 yr B.P.), and by the humid period of the Kibangian (12,000-recent) which corresponds with the Holocene. Anatomical identification of vegetable macro-fossils found in the Bateke areas and horizons of Congo enables one to determine two important facts for the late Pleistocene (40,000-12,000 yr B.P.) and Holocene: the continuation of a dry season even during the most humid episodes, and continuation of a forest-savanna mosaic of which the variations in favour of one of the other follow the palaeoclimatic changes. Comparison with the results of a littoral pollen sequence shows a close similarity, though the forest-savanna contrast is more marked in coastal than in the continental environment.

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Accession: 006273061

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DOI: 10.1016/0031-0182(88)90079-X



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