Regeneration of amphidiploid plants from tissue cultures of Allium wakegi

Seo, B.B.; Kim, H.H.

Plant Cell Reports 7(5): 297-300

1988


ISSN/ISBN: 0721-7714
PMID: 24241868
DOI: 10.1007/bf00269922
Accession: 006282389

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Abstract
Callus was induced from the bulb of Allium wakegi Araki on MS semisolid medium supplemented with several growth regulating substances. The calli were subcultured every 40 days. At the time of every subculture the callus was subdivided to be used for chromosome studies, plant regeneration, or continuous callus multiplication. The chromosome constitution of cells in callus and regenerated plants varied over the culture period, and at the 3rd subculture amphidiploid plants were obtained. They appeared even more frequently than amphihaploid plants in the 4th subculture. Hypoamphihaploid regenerants appeared as stumpy shoots but none of these shoots proceeded further to form a normal plant. By Giemsa C-banded karyotype, the chromosome constitution of amphidiploid plants was found to result from exact doubling of the chromosome sets of amphihaploid common species. Amphidiploid plants show better viability and growth than common plants. The possibility and the expectation of new crop plants to be developed from amphidiploid plants will be discussed.

Regeneration of amphidiploid plants from tissue cultures of Allium wakegi