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Regulation of glycolysis fructolysis in buffalo bubalus bubalis spermatozoa

, : Regulation of glycolysis fructolysis in buffalo bubalus bubalis spermatozoa. Journal of Reproduction & Fertility 64(1): 145-150

Assay of maximal activities of 11 glycolytic enzymes in cell-free buffalo sperm extracts showed that hexokinase, phosphofructokinase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase had the lowest activities, suggesting regulation of fructolysis at steps catalyzed by these enzymes. The ratios of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase/phosphofructokinase (0.67) and phosphoglycerate kinase/phosphofructokinase (4.60) are typical of cells exhibiting high Pasteur effect (50% for ejaculated buffalo spermatozoa). The regulatory nature of phosphofructokinase was shown through its modulation by ATP, AMP and Pi. The determination of fructolytic intermediates and cofactors and calculation of mass action ratios for each enzymic step revealed that hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, fructose-biphosphate aldolase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and pyruvate kinase catalyzed reactions far removed from the equilibrium. A regulatory role by glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase appeared to be most likely because triosephosphates and inorganic Pi accumulated more under anaerobic than under aerobic conditions.

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