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Regulation of glycolysis in rat aorta


, : Regulation of glycolysis in rat aorta. American Journal of Physiology 247(1 Pt 1): C107-C114

Certain factors that might contribute to the regulation of the rate of glycolysis by rat aorta were investigated. Rat aortic rings were incubated with [14C]glucose, and the release of [14C]lactate was determined. There was good agreement between the lactate production estimated by enzymatic assay and by [14C]lactate release, suggesting that almost all the lactate produced under our experimental conditions was derived from exogenous glucose. When the glucose concentration in the medium was 10 mM or higher, the rate of glucose transport did not limit the rate of lactate production. In most cases studies were done both aerobically and anaerobically. In Hanks' Balanced Salt Solution the aerobic rate of lactate production was 18% of the anaerobic rate. The effects on glycolysis of agents that alter ATP generation by mitochondria or ATP splitting by Na+-K+-ATPase or the mitochondrial ATPase was tested. Under aerobic conditions, ouabain (5 mM) caused a 54% decrease in lactate production, and gramicidin (5 .mu.g/ml) caused a 45% increase. Under anaerobic conditions, neither ouabain nor gramicidin affected lactate production. Aerobically dinitrophenol (25 .mu.M) and carboxyatractyloside (0.5 mM) caused substantial increases in lactate production, 72 and 98%, respectively. Under anaerobic conditions the effects of dinitrophenol and carboxyatractyloside were much smaller, with dinitrophenol causing a 15% increase and carboxyatractyloside a 12% decrease in lactate production. Increasing the concentration of phosphate in the incubation medium caused marked increases in lactate production. Both aerobically and anaerobically, shifting from 1.3 to 50 mM phosphate in the incubation medium caused a 3.5-fold increase in lactate production. Increased phosphate had no effect on the rate of lactate oxidation.

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Accession: 006288210

PMID: 6204540

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