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Regulation of gonadotropin receptors on cultured porcine Leydig and Sertoli cells: effect of potassium depletion

, : Regulation of gonadotropin receptors on cultured porcine Leydig and Sertoli cells: effect of potassium depletion. Endocrinology 118(6): 2254-2261

We have examined the role of the NaK-ATPase pump activity on the ligand-induced down-regulation of gonadotropin receptors in cultured porcine Leydig and Sertoli cells. In both cells, inhibition of the NaK pump by ouabain produced a depletion of intracellular K+ levels (ID50, 10(-7) M) after a lag period of about 8 h. In the absence of ligand, the number of FSH receptors in ouabain-treated Sertoli cells was unaffected or slightly reduced, whereas a 2-fold increase in the number of human CG (hCG)/LH receptors with small changes in the binding affinity was observed in Leydig cells treated by ouabain. The effect of ouabain was dose dependent. Differences were also observed in the down-regulation process of gonadotropin receptors in ouabain-treated cells. The hCG-induced receptor loss in Leydig cells was completely reversed by ouabain whereas the drug had no effect on ligand-induced loss of FSH receptors in Sertoli cells. Similar results were observed when the cells were incubated in K+-free medium. Kinetics studies with labeled hCG have shown that ouabain treatment slows down significantly the rate of [125I]iodo-hCG internalization (t 1/2, 18 h; control cells, t 1/2, 6 h), but had no effect on the degradation of internalized hormone. The internalization of receptor-bound [125I]iodo-hCG was also reduced when Leydig cells were incubated in K+-free medium, but was restored when this medium was supplemented with rubidium. The influence of the NaK pump on the receptor regulation of a ligand common to both types of cells, such as epidermal growth factor, was studied under the same experimental conditions. Neither ouabain nor K+-free medium were able to prevent the epidermal growth factor-induced reduction of receptor levels in Leydig and Sertoli cells. Thus, it appears that modulation of ligand-induced receptor loss by depletion of cellular K+ levels is not dependent on the cell type, but on the ligand-receptor complex. The data also show a striking difference in the dynamics of gonadotropin-receptor interaction of two structurally related hormones.

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Accession: 006288239

PMID: 2422017

DOI: 10.1210/endo-118-6-2254

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