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Regulation of guinea pig macrophage collagenase production by dexamethasone and colchicine


Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics 230(2): 661-667
Regulation of guinea pig macrophage collagenase production by dexamethasone and colchicine
Exposure of guinea pig macrophages to a primary signal, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), stimulates the synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) which, in turn, elevates cAMP levels resulting in the production of the enzyme, collagenase. The potential of regulating the biochemical events in this activation sequence was examined with the anti-inflammatory agents dexamethasone and colchicine, which suppress the destructive sequelae in chronic inflammatory lesions associated with the degradation of connective tissue. The addition of dexamethasone with LPS to macrophage cultures resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of PGE2 and collagenase production, which was reversed by the exogenous addition of phospholipase A2. Collagenase production was also restored in dexamethasone-treated cultures by the addition of products normally produced as a result of phospholipase action, such as arachidonic acid, PGE2 or dibutyryl-cAMP. Since the effect of dexamethasone was thus linked to phospholipase A2 inhibition, mepacrine, a phosholipase inhibitor, was also tested. Mepacrine, like dexamethasone, caused a dose-dependent inhibition of PGE2 and collagenase. In addition to corticosteroid inhibition, colchicine was also found to block collagenase production. This anti-inflammatory agent had no effect on PGE2 synthesis. Colchicine was effective only when added at the onset of culture and not 24 h later, implicating a role for microtubules in the transmission of the activation signal rather than enzyme secretion. The failure of lumicolchicine to inhibit collagenase activity provided additional evidence that microtubules are involved in the activation of macrophages. Dexamethasone and colchicine act at specific sites in the activation sequence of guinea pig macrophages to regulate collagenase production.

Accession: 006288316

PMID: 6324692

DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(84)90447-8

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