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Regulation of human T lymphocyte surface antigen mobility by purinergic receptors

, : Regulation of human T lymphocyte surface antigen mobility by purinergic receptors. Journal of Immunology 133(6): 3298-3302

The present study was undertaken to establish whether the capping mechanism of normal human T lymphocytes is regulated by a purinergic receptor. Interaction of T lymphocytes with adenosine significantly increased the mobility of the T3, T4, and T8 surface antigens. This enhanced rate of capping was reflected by a significant decrement in the time intervals to achieve half-maximal capping. T lymphocytes preincubated with theophylline or isobutylmethylxanthine did not exhibit accelerated capping or a decrease in the time required for half-maximal capping in response to adenosine, suggesting that these agents inhibited the binding of adenosine to its receptor. A role for a cAMP-dependent pathway in capping was suggested by the observation that the phosphodiesterase inhibitor RO-201724 caused a decrease in the concentration of adenosine required to accelerate the capping process. Moreover, exposure of T lymphocytes to the cyclic nucleotide derivatives 8-N3-cAMP and 8-Br-cAMP mimicked the effect of adenosine, significantly reducing the time to half-maximal capping. Photoaffinity labeling of intracellular cAMP receptors with 32P-8-N3-cAMP indicated that adenosine caused occupancy of the receptors. This effect of adenosine was inhibited by theophylline, a known purinergic receptor blocker. The data support the concept that the T cell capping mechanism is mediated by an adenylate cyclase-coupled purinergic receptor that activates a cAMP-dependent pathway, and that this pathway is functional in the T3+, T4+, (inducer) and T3+, T8+ (suppressor) subsets.

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Accession: 006288590

PMID: 6092471

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