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Regulation of iga differentiation in ch12lx b cells by lymphokines il 4 induces membrane igm positive ch12lx cells to express membrane iga and il 5 induces membrane iga positive ch12lx cells to secrete iga

, : Regulation of iga differentiation in ch12lx b cells by lymphokines il 4 induces membrane igm positive ch12lx cells to express membrane iga and il 5 induces membrane iga positive ch12lx cells to secrete iga. Journal of Immunology 141(3): 713-720

In these studies we utilized the Ag(SRBC)-reactive B cell line CH12LX to study isotype switching. CH12LX cells are a stable population of B cells mainly bearing membrane IgM (mIgM) (98 to 99%) with a small population of B cells bearing membrane IgA (mIgA) (1 to 2%). LPS induced a 5- to 10-fold increase in the secretion of both Ig, whereas a lymphokine-rich supernatant of D10 T cells induced a greater increase in the secretion of IgA than IgM. Analysis of the latter effect with recombinant lymphokines disclosed that rIL-4 induced an increase in the number of mIgA+ cells (6 to 15%) with minimal effect on IgA secretion, whereas IL-5 induced increased IgA secretion but had no effect on mIgA expression. The addition of both lymphokines induced increased mIgA expression and IgA secretion. No effect on mIgA expression or IgA secretion was seen with other lymphokines, including IL-1, IL-2, IL-3, IL-6, GM-CSF, and IFN-.gamma. The rIL-4 effect on CH12LX cells represents true differentiation rather than selective proliferation for the following reasons: first, subclones of CH12LX cells respond to IL-4-containing T cell supernatant in the same fashion as the original cell line; second, culture of CH12LX cells wit IL-4 causes the appearance of large numbers of dual-bearing mIgM/mIgA cells as well as mIgA+ cells and a dual-bearing mIgM/mIgA line was obtained by cloning CH12LX after stimulation with an IL-4-containing supernatant; third, sorted mIgA+ and mIgA- CH12LX cells had similar rates of proliferation in the presence or absence of IL-4. In further studies, it was found that IL-5 causes IgA secretion by mIgA+ but not mIgA- Ch12LX cells indicating that it is acting as a post-isotype switch differentiation factor. These studies are consistent with the view that IL-4 and IL-5 act in a sequential fashion to induce IgA expression and secretion in CH12LX cells, IL-4 inducing differentiation of mIgM+ cells to mIgA+ cells and IL-5 enhancing the IgA secretion by the resulting mIgA-bearing cells.

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