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Regulation of increase in anastomotic blood flow following pulmonary arterial occlusion

, : Regulation of increase in anastomotic blood flow following pulmonary arterial occlusion. Journal of Applied Physiology 59(1): 180-182

We have previously shown that there is an acute increase in anastomotic bronchial blood flow (Qbr) after pulmonary arterial obstruction in dogs. We examined the role of arachidonic acid metabolites in mediating this increase. The left lower lobe (LLL) was isolated and perfused (zone 2) with autologous blood in open-chested anesthetized dogs (n = 19). Qbr was measured from the amount of blood that overflowed from the closed vascular circuit of the suspended LLL and changes in its weight. In the control animals, there was a prompt and significant increase in Qbr following pulmonary arterial obstruction. Pretreatment with indomethacin (n = 6) or sodium salicylate (n = 4) almost completely blocked this rise in Qbr. Following pulmonary arterial occlusion, there was a rise in both thromboxane and a prostacyclin metabolite (6-keto-PGF1 alpha) in the blood of the pulmonary circulation of the LLL, although the 6-keto-PGF1 alpha rose relatively more. Pretreatment with indomethacin caused a fall in both thromboxane and prostacyclin levels (n = 3), which no longer rose after pulmonary arterial occlusion. These findings suggested that the balance of the vasodilator (prostacyclin) and vasoconstrictor (thromboxane) prostaglandins may play an important role in mediating the rise in Qbr that follows pulmonary arterial obstruction.

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Accession: 006288726

PMID: 3839787

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