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Regulation of initiation factors during translational repression caused by serum depletion. Abundance, synthesis, and turnover rates

Journal of Biological Chemistry 260(9): 5486-5492

Regulation of initiation factors during translational repression caused by serum depletion. Abundance, synthesis, and turnover rates

During growth in unreplenished medium, the fraction of active, polysomal ribosomes progressively decreases .apprx. 3-fold from 80-90% to only 20-40% due to a reduced rate of initiation. To assess whether the abundance of initiation factors could be involved in this repression of translational activity, HeLa cell cytoplasmic lysates were resolved by 2-dimensional isoelectric focusing/sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and spots corresponding to the initiation factor proteins were quantitated. The relative abundance of most of the initiation factor proteins only decreases by 10-40% and roughly parallels that of the ribosomes. Measurement of the rates of synthesis and turnover of the initiation factor proteins establishes that during periods of active growth, synthesis and degradation occur coordinately with total cell protein. As growth rate decreases, the synthesis of some initiation factor proteins, particularly eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF)-3 subunits, becomes depressed. Serum stimulation of serum-depleted cells recruits most inactive ribosomes and mRNA into polysomes, but most initiation factor mRNA are not selectively recruited. The principal exceptions are eIF-3p24 which exhibits 4- to 5-fold enhanced synthesis, and eIF-3p44 and eIF-4A whose syntheses are moderately stimulated.

Accession: 006288740

PMID: 3988764

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