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Regulation of insulin stimulated glucose transport in the isolated rat adipocyte cyclic amp independent effects of lipolytic and antilipolytic agents

, : Regulation of insulin stimulated glucose transport in the isolated rat adipocyte cyclic amp independent effects of lipolytic and antilipolytic agents. Journal of Biological Chemistry 262(1): 245-253

This paper examines the modulation of insulin-stimulated glucose transport activity in rat adipose cells by ligands for receptors (R) that mediate stimulation (Rs; lipolytic) or inhibition (Ri; antilipolytic) of adenylate cyclase. The changes in glucose transport activity and cAMP, as assessed by 3-O-methylglucose uptake and (-/+) cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase) activity ratios, respectively, were monitored under conditions that maintain steady-state A-kinase activity ratios (Honnor, R. C., Dhillon, G. S., and Londos, C. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 15122-15129). Removal of endogenous adenosine with adenosine deaminase decreased insulin-stimulated glucose transport activity by .apprx. 30%, which was prevented or restored with Ri agonists such as phenylisopropyladenosine, nicotinic acid, and prostaglandin E1. These changes in transport activity were not accompanied by changes in A-kinase activity ratios, indicating that Ri-mediated effects on transport are independent of cAMP changes. Addition of an Rs ligand, isoproterenol, in the presence of adenosine increased kinase activity but did not change glucose transport activity. Conversely, upon removal of adenosine, addition of Rs ligands such as isoproterenol, adrenocorticotropic hormone, or glucagon strongly inhibited transport (.apprx. 50%) and stimulated kinase activity. However, subsequent addition of phenylisopropyladenosine nearly restored transport activity without alteration of A-kinase activity. These data and additional kinetic experiments suggest that Rs-mediated glucose transport modulations are also independent of cAMP. The interchangeability of ligands for both Rs and Ri receptors in modulating transport activity suggests that these cAMP-independent effects are mediated by the stimulatory (Ns) and inhibitory (Ni) guanyl nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins of adenylate cyclase. All Rs- and Ri-induced changes in transport activity occurred without a change in glucose transporter distribution, as assessed by D-glucose-inhibitable cytochalasin B binding, suggesting that Rs and Ri ligands modulate the intrinsic activity of the glucose transporter present in the plasma membrane.

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