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Regulation of internal solute concentrations of marine vibrio alginolyticus in response to external sodium chloride concentration

, : Regulation of internal solute concentrations of marine vibrio alginolyticus in response to external sodium chloride concentration. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 25(8): 922-926

Slightly halophilic marine V. alginolyticus grown in the range of NaCl from 0.2-1.5 M maintained the total internal solute concentration always higher than the external medium by about 0.25 osM. The concentrations of macromolecules such as DNA, RNA and protein were little affected by the increase in medium NaCl. The internal K+ concentration was kept to about 400 mM in the range of medium NaCl from 0.4-0.8 M; it rose to 510 mM when the bacterium was grown in 1.5 M NaCl, indicating that K+ increased only slightly in response to the large increase in medium NaCl. In contrast to the case of nonhalophilic and extremely halophilic bacteria, K+ was unlikely to act as a major component to regulate the internal solute concentration of marine V. alginolyticus. The internal Na+ and Cl- concentrations were maintained always lower than those in the growth medium, but they increased in response to the increase in medium NaCl. The concentration of internal Na+ was close to that of K+ at the concentration of medium NaCl that supports the optimal growth of this organism. The total amino acid content of V. alginolyticus increased from 76 to 413 mM by the increase in medium NaCl from 0.2 to 1.5 M. The concentrations of glutamic acid and proline were 254 and 72 mM, respectively, when grown in 1.5 M NaCl. These results indicated that Na+, Cl- and amino acids, especially glutamic acid and proline, contributed to the regulation of internal solute concentration of V. alginolyticus in response to the increased external NaCl.

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