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Regulation of intra cellular calcium compartmentation studies with isolated hepatocytes and tert butyl hydro per oxide

, : Regulation of intra cellular calcium compartmentation studies with isolated hepatocytes and tert butyl hydro per oxide. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 79(22): 6842-6846

In suspensions of isolated hepatocytes [from rats], 2 intracellular Ca2+ pools were distinguished in the presence of the metallochrome indicator arsenazo III, first by treatment with the uncoupler carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone (FCCP) and then with the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 [calcimyocin]. The available evidence indicates that the 2 pools are of mitochondrial and extramitochondrial origin. Metabolism of t-butyl hydroperoxide by hepatocytes caused release of Ca2+ from both compartments concomitant with oxidation of cellular glutathione and NADPH, which was followed by characteristic alterations in cell surface structure. When NADPH oxidation was prevented by selective inactivation of glutathione reductase, t-butyl hydroperoxide metabolism was without effect on the mitochondrial Ca2+ pool, whereas the loss from the extramitochondrial pool was accelerated. Different regulatory mechanisms may modulate mitochondrial (NADPH-dependent) and extramitochondrial (thiol-dependent) Ca2+ compartmentation, and disturbance of normal Ca2+ homeostasis may be critical in peroxide-induced cytotoxicity.

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