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Rehydration of diarrheic calves

Rehydration of diarrheic calves

Recueil de Medecine Veterinaire de l'Ecole d'Alfort 161(3): 257-274

Neonatal diarrhea is the most frequent cause of dehydration encountered in the bovine species. The mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of diarrhea differ according to etiologic agents. Stimulation of passive water loss following an increase of intestinal osmotic pressure, decreased absorption (rotavirus and coronavirus diseases) or active secretion (colibacillosis), consequently, dehydrations may be isotonic or hypotonic (severe colibacillosis), associated with hyponatremia, loss of K and bicarbonate (acidosis). In the treatment of a neonatal diarrhea in the calf, rehydration is essential (correction of hydric deficiency and maintenance treatment). In severe conditions where the degree of dehydration exceeds 8%, solutes are administered i.v. I.v. rehydration is followed by oral administration of rehydrating solutes; when diarrhea is moderate, this is the most appropriate treatment. However, the many commercially available solutes cannot fully supply the energetic requirements of calves.

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Accession: 006292643

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