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Reinternalization of secretory proteins during membrane recycling in rat pancreatic acinar cells

Reinternalization of secretory proteins during membrane recycling in rat pancreatic acinar cells

European Journal of Cell Biology 44(2): 167-175

Membrane recycling in pancreatic acinar cells involves endocytic vesicle formation at the apical cell surface and rapid membrane traffic to the Golgi complex. During this process a small amount of extracellular content is taken up from the acinar lumen. In order to determine whether secretory proteins already released into the pancreatic acinar lumen are reinternalized during membrane retrieval, 3H-labeled amylase or 125I-labeled secretory proteins were reinfused through the pancreatic duct until the lumina were reached. Tissue samples from various time points were prepared for light and electron microscope autoradiography. The observations showed that [3H]amylase and, to a lesser extent, the 125I-labeled secretory proteins were internalized at the apical cell surface and rapidly (within 2-5 min) transferred to the Golgi cisternae and the condensing vacuoles; only a minor proportion of silver grains was observed over lysosomes. In addition, at later time points, mature secretion granules close to the Golgi complex became labeled. The results indicate that exocytosis in the rat exocrine pancreas does not operate at 100% efficiency; part of the exported amylase and part of the total secretion product are reinternalized concomitantly with the endocytic removal of plasma membrane and are copackaged together with newly synthesized secretory proteins.

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Accession: 006292884

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PMID: 3500858

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