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Relation between left ventricular functional reserve during exercise and resting systolic loading conditions in chronic aortic regurgitation



Relation between left ventricular functional reserve during exercise and resting systolic loading conditions in chronic aortic regurgitation



American Journal of Cardiology 58(9): 757-761



The relation between systolic loading conditions at rest and left ventricular (LV) functional response to exercise was assessed in 31 patients with aortic regurgitation (AR) (20 asymptomatic, 11 symptomatic) and 10 control subjects. Peak and end-systolic wall stress determined from echocardiography and cuff systolic pressure at rest were used as indirect measures of LV systolic loading and were compared with LV ejection fraction response to handgrip and bicycle exercise by radionuclide ventriculography. Both peak and end-systolic wall stress were significantly higher in both asymptomatic (164 .+-. 33 and 90 .+-. 25 .times. 103 dynes/cm2) and symptomatic (196 .+-. 33 and 134 .+-. 17 .times. 103 dynes/cm2) patients with AR than in the control subjects (125 .+-. 22 and 61 .+-. 14 .times. 103 dynes/cm2 p < 0.01), and correlated inversely with the changes in LV ejection fraction during handgrip (r= -0.63 and r= -0.73) and bicycle (r= -0.68 and r= -0.87) exercise. In patients with AR, resting systolic loading conditions closely reflect LV functional reserve during exercise.

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Accession: 006293792

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3766416

DOI: 10.1016/0002-9149(86)90351-6


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