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Relationships between vegetation and climate in the upper catchment area of the narmada river central india



Relationships between vegetation and climate in the upper catchment area of the narmada river central india



Vegetatio 36(1): 53-60



The relationships between vegetation and climate is reported in the Upper Catchment area of Narmada river in Central India. The study site was divided into 4 ecoclimatic zones based on the classification of Thornthwaite and Mather (1955). While no clear-cut relationships could be established for the subordinate species and climate, the leading dominant species showed interesting relationships. Zones A, B and C show a humid type and support forest dominated by Tectona grandis, Dendrocalamus strictus and Terminalia alata. In contrast, T. grandis is totally absent in Zone D which falls in a dry sub-humid type. D. strictus forms a 2nd story species at all places where T. grandis is the leading dominant, because the former is not a shade tolerant plant. Growth of the dominant species vary from zone to zone with changes in precipitation, potential evapotranspiration, soil moisture surplus and altitude. With topographical changes the growth of the dominant species changes. T. grandis shows maximum growth values on tops of hills only because of their inaccessibility to man so that no disturbances due to illicit felling, shifting cultivation and a host of other disturbances occur. The exiting forest crop is the remnant natural wealth which is the net results of interactions between climate , soil conditions and anthropogenic pressure.

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Accession: 006303117

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DOI: 10.1007/bf01324771


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