+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Relative defensive behavior of some moths and the implications to predator prey interactions



Relative defensive behavior of some moths and the implications to predator prey interactions



Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 33(1): 103-111



Certain cryptic, palatable moths in the families Noctuidae, Notodontidae, Pyralidae and Sphingidae exhibited responses of apparently protective value 78-100% of the time when touched on the dorsal wing surface. No interaction between the shape of the tactile stimulus and the elicited responses was found. Frequency of response to ventral wing touch was less than 40% with the 2 noctuid species tested in this manner. Aposematic, distasteful moths in the families Arctiidae, Ctenuchidae and Yponomeutidae exhibited behaviors of potentially defensive value 10-52% of the time when touched on the dorsal wing surface. The unpalatable moths had higher thresholds for release of protective behavior. Members of both groups exhibited angled flights, straight flights, dropping with catalepsis (i.e., playing-dead), and no visible response, but with the frequencies of these responses significantly different. Only certain unpalatable species produced a display without flight or dropping after the tactile stimulus. Flight durations and types were very variable. The mode of the flight durations elicited in palatable moths was 0.8 s but 0 s in unpalatable moths. Then the palatability of each moth species was determined using local wild-caught and hand-reared birds. Common grackles (Quiscalus quiscula (L.)] seemed more likely to accept moths unpalatable to other birds. There may be broad correlations between taxonomic groupings and the total defensive ensemble present in a moth. However, convergent strategies between phylogenetically unrelated moth species were observed.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 006303853

Download citation: RISBibTeXText


Related references

Relative defensive beavior of some moths and the implications to predator-prey interactions. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 331: 103-111, 1983

Relative defensive behavior of some moths and the implicatins to predator-prey interactions Noctuidae, Notodontidae, Pyralidae, Sphingidae. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata3(1): 103-111, 1983

Behavioral Hypervolumes of Predator Groups and Predator-Predator Interactions Shape Prey Survival Rates and Selection on Prey Behavior. American Naturalist 189(3): 254-266, 2017

Aggressive mimicry prey specific predatory behavior and predator recognition in the predator prey interactions of portia fimbriata and euryattus spp jumping spiders from queensland australia. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 26(2): 111-120, 1990

Swimming and escape behavior of copepod nauplii: Implications for predator-prey interactions among copepods. Marine Ecology Progress Series (213): 203-213, 2001

Experimental studies on acarine predator-prey interactions: the effects of predator density on prey consumption, predator searching efficiency, and the functional response to prey density. Canadian Journal of Zoology 604: 611-629, 1982

Selective habituation of defensive behavior evidence for predator prey synchrony. Animal Learning & Behavior 11(1): 127-133, 1983

How moths escape bats: predicting outcomes of predator-prey interactions. Journal of Experimental Biology 219(Pt 17): 2704-2715, 2016

Predator prey interactions Predator choice for prey group size and composition in Crenicichla alta, a natural predator of the Trinidadian guppy, Poecilia reticulata. Journal of Fish Biology 63(Suppl. A): 247, 2003

Environmental Constraints upon Locomotion and Predator: Prey Interactions in Aquatic Organisms || Predator-Prey Interactions and Changing Environments: Who Benefits?. Philosophical Transactions Biological Sciences 362(1487): 2095-2104, 2007

Spatial distribution of predator/prey interactions in the Scotia Sea: implications for measuring predator/fisheries overlap. Deep-Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 5112-13: 1383-1396, 2004

Predator-prey interactions in size-structured fish communities: Implications of prey growth. Oecologia (Berlin) 108(4): 757-763, 1996

Predator-prey interactions in size-structured fish communities: implications of prey growth. Oecologia 108(4): 757-763, 1996

Predator-Prey Interactions in Size-Structured Fish Communities: Implications of Prey Growth. Oecologia 108(4): 757-763, 1996

Crab predation on limpets predator behavior and defensive features of the shell morphology of the prey. Biological Bulletin (Woods Hole) 171(3): 577-596, 1986