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Release of norepinephrine by sympathetic nerve stimulation from rabbit lungs

Release of norepinephrine by sympathetic nerve stimulation from rabbit lungs

American Journal of Physiology 235(6): H803-H808

Rabbit lungs were perfused via the pulmonary artery and norepinephrine (NE) measured in the outflows. The basal NE level was approximately 3 ng/min. Electrical stimulation (50 V, 1 ms, 10 Hz) of the sympathetic nerves doubled the NE release. Hexamethonium (10-4 and 10 -5 M) had no effect on the release of NE. Administration of a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor, pargyline (70 mg/kg) resulted in a 20-fold NE increase by nerve stimulation, implying that the bulk of the amine does not reach the systemic circulation due to an active MAO. Methacholine (1 and 10 .mu.g/ml) inhibited NE release by nerve stimulation. This inhibition was abolished by atropine (5 .mu.g/ml). It is suggested that a muscarinic inhibitory mechanism may regulate the NE release in the lung. PG[prostaglandin]E2 (100 ng/ml), but not PGF2.alpha., (100 ng/ml), depressed NE release during nerve stimulation, whereas indomethacin (10 mg/kg) enhanced NE release before, during, and after nerve stimulation in seemingly normal animals. This indicates the existence of another presynaptic inhibitory mechanism for NE release in the lung: a PGE-mediated inhibition.

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Accession: 006306184

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PMID: 736168

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