EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
53,214,146
Abstracts:
29,074,682
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Releasing stimuli for anti predator behavior in the common toad bufo bufo



Releasing stimuli for anti predator behavior in the common toad bufo bufo



Behaviour 68(1-2): 170-180



The behavior of the common toad B. bufo (L.) was studied in response to potential natural predators. Appropriate enemy key stimuli in dummy experiments were examined. Potential predators of common toads live on the ground (hedgehogs, giant ants, ringsnakes), in the air (owls, buzzards, fly Lucilia bufonivora) and in the water (leeches). During confrontations between toads and potential predators, the key stimulus enemy for the toad is not a unique pattern. Key features of predators consist of a variety of stimulus parameters, such as movement velocity, direction of movement, direction of stimulus background contrast, stimulus area and configuration of a moving stimulus. Particular configurational parameters of a moving visual stimulus play a dominant role in the prey-predator relation of toad and ringsnake. The characteristics of the natural moving snake, releasing stiff-legged avoidance posture in the toad, can be represented by a relatively simple dummy.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 006306645

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.2307/4533947



Related references

Role of visual stimuli in the breeding behavior of males of the common frog rana temporaria the common toad bufo bufo and the green toad bufo viridis. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 55(7): 1027-1037, 1976

Modification of prey catching behavior by learning in the common toad bufo bufo bufo anura amphibia changes in responses to visual objects and effects of auditory stimuli. Behavioural Processes 3(2): 125-136, 1978

Releasing stimuli for antipredator behaviour in the common toad Bufo bufo (L.). Behaviour, 681-2: 170-180, 1979

Modification of prey-catching behavior by learning in the common toad (Bufo b. bufo [L], Anura, Amphibia): Changes in responses to visual objects and effects of auditory stimuli. Behavioural Processes 3(2): 125-136, 1978

Does the common toad, Bufo bufo, hibernate in its spawning pond? Uberwintert die Erdkrote, Bufo bufo, in ihrem Laichgewasser?. Zeitschrift fuer Feldherpetologie. Dezember; 41-2: 205-207, 1997

Predation by weasels on the common toad Bufo bufo Depredacion de mustelidos sobre sapo comun Bufo bufo. Boletin de la Asociacion Herpetologica Espanola, 111: 32-33, 2000

Habitat preferences of the common toad Bufo bufo a radio tracking study Habitatpraferenzen der Erdkrote Bufo bufo - eine telemetrische Untersuchung. Mertensiella. 31 Juli; 7: 185-202, 1997

Studies on the morphological variation in the Eurasian toads of the Bufo bufo complex. 1. Relative growth in the Japanese common toad, Bufo bufo japonicus from Momoyama, Kyoto. Japanese Journal of Herpetology, 74: 99, 1978

Late spawning of the common toad Bufo bufo Spater Laichtermin der Erdkrote Bufo bufo. Zeitschrift fuer Feldherpetologie. Dezember; 41-2: 214-216, 1997

Temporary albinism in the common toad Bufo bufo Temporarer Albinismus bei der Erdkrote Bufo bufo. Zeitschrift fuer Feldherpetologie. Dezember; 41-2: 212-214, 1997

Herbicide exposure affects the chemical recognition of a non native predator in common toad tadpoles (Bufo bufo). Chemoecology 17(1): 31-36, 2007

Calls and calling behaviour of the common toad, Bufo b bufo, in Hungary and a comparison with the advertisement call of the giant toad, Bufo b spinosus. Zeitschrift fuer Feldherpetologie. Oktober; 112: 187-201, 2004

Prior exposure to conspecific chemical cues affects predator recognition in larval common toad (Bufo bufo). Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie 164(1): 1-12, 2005

Laboratory experiment on the prey predator relationship between three spined sticklebacks gasterosteus aculeatus teleostei and common toad larvae bufo bufo amphibia. Zoologischer Anzeiger 213(1-2): 12-16, 1984

Choice of spawning sites by the common toad Bufo bufo bufo Linnaeus, 1758/Bufo bufo spinosus Daudin, 1803 in Portugal Zur Laichplatzwahl der Erdkrote Bufo bufo bufo Linnaeus, 1758/Bufo bufo spinosus Daudin, 1803 in Portugal. Sauria. Dezember; 214: 7-11, 1999