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Repression of pentose phosphate pathway dehydrogenase synthesis and messenger rna by dietary fat in rats

Repression of pentose phosphate pathway dehydrogenase synthesis and messenger rna by dietary fat in rats

Journal of Nutrition 118(3): 408-415

We have studied the effects of polyunsaturated fatty acid and its metabolism on the activity, relative synthesis and mRNA levels for rat hepatic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD). Rats were meal-fed high carbohydrate diets containing either no fat, 5% safflower oil or 5% safflower oil + eicosa-5,8,11,14-tetraynoic acid (TYA). Hepatocytes were isolated and used as a source of RNA, de novo radiolabeled protein and postmitochondrial supernatant for enzyme assay. Dietary safflower oil, as a source of linoleic acid, repressed G6PD activity, synthesis and mRNA levels two- to threefold without significantly changing the amount of carbohydrate consumed. Similar but smaller changes were observed for 6PGD. Dietary fat + TYA (an analogue of arachidonate that inhibits normal metabolism of linoleic acid) prevented the fat-dependent lowering of G6PD and 6PGD activity, synthesis and mRNA levels. Our results suggest that a metabolite of linoleic acid regulates the activity of two lipogenic enzymes, G6PD and 6PGD, by lowering gene expression or mRNA processing or stability.

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Accession: 006315032

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