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Reproducible and variable genomic rearrangements occur in the developing somatic nucleus of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila



Reproducible and variable genomic rearrangements occur in the developing somatic nucleus of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila



Molecular and Cellular Biology 5(8): 2039-2050



We analyzed the extent, reproducibility, and developmental control of genomic rearrangements in the somatic macronucleus of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila. To exclude differences caused by genetic polymorphisms, we constructed whole-genome homozygotes, and we compared the homozygous progeny derived from single macronuclear differentiation events. This strategy enabled us to identify a novel form of variable rearrangement and to confirm previous findings that rearranged sequences occur at a high frequency in the Tetrahymena genome. Rearrangements studied here were deletions of both unique and interchromosomally dispersed repetitive DNA sequences involving DNA rejoining of internal, nontelomeric regions of macronuclear DNAs. We showed that although rearrangements of some sequence classes are reproducible among independently developed macronuclei, other specific sequence classes are variably rearranged in macronuclear development. The variable somatic genomes so produced may be the source of phenotypically variant cell lines.

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Accession: 006315323

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PMID: 3018547

DOI: 10.1128/mcb.5.8.2039


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