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Reproducible high yield sequencing of proteins electrophoretically separated and transferred to an inert support

Reproducible high yield sequencing of proteins electrophoretically separated and transferred to an inert support

Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(13): 6005-6008

A method allowing initial sequencing yields of 60-85% to be consistently obtained from samples prepared by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and electrophoretic transfer is described in detail. Conducting electrophoresis at a pH near neutrality is the single most important of the modifications made to earlier procedures, but pre-electrophoresis in the presence of glutathione or sodium thioglycolate and use of ImmobilonTM polyvinylidene difluoride membranes all contribute to the success of the technique. When tryptophan was the NH2 terminus of a protein, the phenylthiohydantoin (PTH)-derivative recovered appeared to be an irreversible oxidation product if pre-electrophoresis was not preformed. Following pre-electrophoresis, the PTH-derivative recovered co-migrated with that of unmodified tryptophan, and the recovery was higher. Recovery of methionine as its PTH-derivative was not affected by pre-electrophoresis suggesting that thioglycolate in the electrophoresis buffer during sample separation prevented or reversed oxidation of methionine sulfur but did not protect tryptophan.

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Accession: 006315331

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PMID: 3360771

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