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Reproduction growth and distribution of the grapsid crab helice crassa in the southern part of new zealand



Reproduction growth and distribution of the grapsid crab helice crassa in the southern part of new zealand



Crustaceana 33(1): 75-89



Monthly samples were made from transects at Papanui Inlet, Otago Peninsula [New Zealand] between Dec. 1969-Sept. 197a. Some specimens were kept in tanks for observation. Crabs showed a summer and winter pattern of distribution. During summer they were scattered in sandy areas along the middle of the transect; in winter they were concentrated higher up on the shore in an area of clay and Salicornia australis. Mating is described. Females may become berried a 2nd time without further mating. Breeding in laboratory tanks is described and the annual cycle traced over 1 yr. There is wide variation in duration of incubation (22-53 days) which decreased in a regular pattern over the breeding season and is related to temperature.

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