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Reproduction in female african elephant in the wankie national park rhodesia



Reproduction in female african elephant in the wankie national park rhodesia



South African Journal of Wildlife Research 6(2): 89-93



Data from 614 female elephant were used to asses the reproductive status of this species in Wankie National Park [Rhodesia]. Elephant in Wankie are seasonal breeders with a peak during the rainy season and a calving interval of approximately 4.3 yr. Of the female sample 9.1% was under the age of 1 yr and 441%. under the age of 11 yr. The mean age of 1st ovulation was approximately 11 yr. The mx [age specific fertility] value for young adults was high with a late decline in fecundity. All these aspects suggest that the Wankie elephant are close to maximum reproductive potential which is characteristic of a young expanding population.

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