+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Reproduction in the european hare lepus europaeus in southern sweden



Reproduction in the european hare lepus europaeus in southern sweden



Holarctic Ecology 3(2): 74-80



Reproduction in the European hare, L. europaeus Pallas, populations was studied in 3 study areas in southern Sweden during 1974-1976; 2 on the mainland and the 3rd on the Island of Ven in Oresund. The monthly birth rates were calculated on the basis of the age of juvenile hares shot in autumn. The 1st births always occurred in Feb., indicating that the onset of the breeding season was governed by day length rather than by climate. Later, the reproduction rate was determined by temperature, snow cover and precipitation. Low temperatures in spring delayed the reproduction; high temperatures in autumn favored a prolongation of the breeding season. Low precipitation in May-July caused a decline in reproduction in July in a sandy pasture area, mainly because the water amount was low in the green forage. Annual fertility, estimated on the basis of placental scars, varied between 6.8 and 8.9 young per female. There was a significant negative correlation between fertility and population density. The largest variations were recorded in 1 yr old females, and on average the values were significantly higher in 3-yr-old females. Of all females examined, 68% had 3 litters annually; 4 litters were found in only 13% of all females. The mean litter size for the whole period was about 2.9 in all areas. The size of the 1st litter was significantly higher in females producing 1 or 2 litters than in females with 3 or 4 litters. The postnatal losses were on average 30-35% lower in the island population than in the mainland populations (73-84%), probably due to lack of predators, sparse road traffic and inhibited juvenile dispersal.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 006315753

Download citation: RISBibTeXText


Related references

Structure size and dynamics of 3 european hare lepus europaeus populations in southern sweden. Acta Theriologica 24(32-38): 449-464, 1979

Studies on an idiopathic syndrome in the brown hare (Lepus europaeus P.) and mountain hare (Lepus timidus L.) in Sweden, with special reference to hepatic lesions. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A: 368: 631-637, 1989

Reproduction of the European hare (Lepus europaeus Pallas) in captivity. Rivista di coniglicoltura 17(3): 47-52, 1980

The endoparasites of the varying hare (Lepus timidus) and the European hare (Lepus europaeus) the influence of parasitology on ecological matters. 1970

The endoparasites of the Varying hare (Lepus timidus) and the European hare (Lepus europaeus) the influence of parasitology in ecological matters. 1970

European hare Lepus europaeus invasion ecology implication for the conservation of the endemic Irish hare Lepus timidus hibernicus. Biological Invasions 13(3): 559-569, 2011

Landscape fragmentation and habitat suitability in endangered Italian hare Lepus corsicanus and European hare Lepus europaeus populations. European Journal of Wildlife Research 55(4): 385-396, 2009

Selenium concentrations of the mountain hare (Lepus timidus) and the European hare (Lepus europaeus) and some of their winter food plants species. Suomen Riista 33: 31-38, 1986

Morphometric differentiation between the Italian hare (Lepus corsicanus De Winton, 1898) and the European brown hare (Lepus europaeus Pallas, 1778). Journal of Zoology (London) 253(2): 241-252, 2001

The European Brown Hare Syndrome Lepus europaeus about a recent epizootic LEBHS du lievre Lepus europaeus a propos dune epizootie recente. Gibier Faune Sauvage 15: 491-506 (Hors serie Tome 2, 1998

Helminth communities of an introduced hare (Lepus granatensis) and a native hare (Lepus europaeus) in southern France. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43(4): 747-751, 2007

Contribution to the study of the reproduction of the European hare (Lepus europaeus Pallas) in captivity. Recueil de medecine veterinaire: 152 (9) 543-546, 1976

The status of the european brown hare lepus europaeus in southern chile. Zeitschrift fuer Jagdwissenschaft 30(4): 256-259, 1984