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Reproduction in the greenback gray mullet liza subviridis

Reproduction in the greenback gray mullet liza subviridis

Journal of Fish Biology 16(5): 505-520

Data on the reproductive biology of L. subviridis, a little studied mullet species are presented. The fish is heterosexual, exhibiting external fertilization. Six maturity stages can be macroscopically identified in the testes and 7 in the ovaries. The macroscopic changes in the gonads are manifestations of histological changes occurring in the development of sperm cells and oocytes. First sexual maturity is attained in the length ranges of 9.5-11.5 and 10.5-11.5 cm in male and female fish, respectively. The fecundity for fish measuring 10.3-13.9 cm in standard length ranged from 40,000-145,000 eggs. The relationship between fecundity (F) and length (L) is calculated. The spawning duration in L. subviridis is restricted to a short and definite period, with all ripe ova being released within a single spawning act. A pronounced spawning season can be detected to extend from June-Nov. During off-seasons, some spawning also occurs. The correlations between spawning, rainfall and air temperature is discussed.

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