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Reproduction of pied flycatchers ficedula hypoleuca in good and bad breeding seasons in a northern marginal area

Reproduction of pied flycatchers ficedula hypoleuca in good and bad breeding seasons in a northern marginal area

Auk 101(3): 439-450

Relationships between female size, date of egg laying, clutch size, egg size and breeding success in pied flycatchers (F. hypoleuca) in a marginal area in northwestern Finnish Lapland were studied. Average June temperatures in 1975-1981 were used to classify years into good (warm) and bad (cold) breeding seasons. Early and warm springs were followed by good breeding seasons: females were heavier, laying was earlier, clutches were larger and contained larger eggs and hatching and fledging success were better than in late and cold springs. Mainly due to low nesting success in bad breeding seasons, the local population could not maintain itself; immigration from the south was needed. Spring weather may provide information concerning the character of the coming breeding season which may help birds to maximize their lifetime production of young.

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Accession: 006315935

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DOI: 10.2307/4086597

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