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Reproductive failure due to experimentally induced constant estrus does not alter the LH-RH fiber density in the median eminence of the rat

Reproductive failure due to experimentally induced constant estrus does not alter the LH-RH fiber density in the median eminence of the rat

Neuroendocrinology 43(4): 526-532

The effects of anterior hypothalamic deafferentation on luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LH-RH) fiber density in the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) were compared to those of a number of nonsurgical treatments which give rise to anovulatory sterility (injections of estradiol valerate, exposure to constant light, or neonatal androgen administration) in the female rat. All of the treatments used (surgical and nonsurgical) disrupted the normal 4-day pattern of estrous cyclicity. Bilateral anterior hypothalamic deafferentation markedly reduced the packing density of LH-RH fibers in the MBH. Unilateral deafferentation reduced the number of fibers on the ipsilateral side of the MBH by 31-64% and on the contralateral side by 15-40%. In contrast, none of the three nonsurgical treatments had any significant effect on the LH-RH fiber density. Electron microscopic examination revealed no morphologic, or distribution differences in MBH LH-RH fibers between control females and animals rendered anovulatory by the nonsurgical experimental procedures. These results demonstrate that estrogen, androgen, and constant light induced anovulatory sterility are not associated with any overt change in the number or morphology of LH-RH immunoreactive fibers in the MBH, suggesting that the primary lesion responsible for the failure of normal estrous cyclicity in such animals resides in the systems responsible for regulating the activity of the LH-RH neurons rather than in the LH-RH neurons themselves.

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Accession: 006316900

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PMID: 3528896

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