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Residue and efficacy studies of alachlor on cabbage brassica oleracea var capitata f alba cultivar market prize and soil



Residue and efficacy studies of alachlor on cabbage brassica oleracea var capitata f alba cultivar market prize and soil



Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 105(6): 929-932



Newly transplanted cabbage (B. oleracea L. var. capitata L. f. alba DC. cv. Market Prize) was treated with alachlor [2 chloro-2',6'-diethyl-N-(methoxymethyl)acetamide] at rates of 0, 3.4 and 6.7 kg/ha in 4 tests of 2 locations during 1971, 1972 and 1976. Both rates provided control of all predominant weeds, except ivyleaf morning glory [Ipomoea hederacea (L.) Jacq.]. Decreased crop vigor usually occurred with the high rate of alachlor. Cabbage samples from the 1976 tests contained alachlor residues < 0.01 ppm, the low detectable limit. Residue levels in soil samples from plots that received 3.4 kg/ha decreased from 0.72-0.07 ppm at one location, and from 0.72-0.08 ppm at the other location during the 10 and 11 wk of the experiment. Residues in soils from the 6.7 kg/ha plots decreased from 1.58-0.10 ppm, and from 1.89-0.22 ppm for each location, respectively.

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