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Response of field grown bean cultivars to atmospheric oxidant in new jersey



Response of field grown bean cultivars to atmospheric oxidant in new jersey



Plant Disease Reporter 60(11): 941-945



Bean cultivars planted in New Jersey [USA] during 1975 were evaluated for response to atmospheric pollution, presumably ozone. 'Tempo', 'White Half Runner', 'Bush Blue Lake' and 'Tenderwhite' were the most sensitive of the 15 cultivars tested, and 'Long Tendergreen' and 'Gold Crop' were the most resistant. The typical symptom was upper surface stipple of the foliage which under severe conditions imparted a bronzed appearance to the leaf. The differential response of the various cultivars was consistent in respect to both primary and trifoliate leaves, with the possible exception of 'Bush Blue Lake'. Symptom development could be correlated with oxidant concentrations in excess of .038 ppm for 6 or 7 h on the previous day. Bean cultivars most sensitive to ozone proved to be the most resistant to rust infection.

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