+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Risk factor asbestos

Archiv für Geschwulstforschung 51(7): 567-574

Risk factor asbestos

In the G.D.R. asbestos is used at a large industrial scale. The material is of interest for oncologists and industrial hygienists due to its fibrogenic and cancerogenic potencies. Both carcinomas of the respiratory organs and the rare malignant mesotheliomas are accepted as occupational diseases due to asbestos. In a retrospective study 915 cases of malignant mesotheliomas covered by the National Cancer Registry over a period of 6 years--all histologically established--were analysed. 36.7% originated from occupational handling of asbestos, 0.8% by non-occupational asbestos contacts. In another 9.1% of the cases asbestos may have been the underlying cause. 33.7% have had no asbestos contact; for 19.7% the data available were insufficient. Among the asbestos-containing materials used packing and insulating materials were prevailing in 47.7%, asbestos-containing talc in 19.6%. In 6.9% of the cases mesothelioma affection was due to wearing fire protective clothing. Different duration of exposure and especially long latency periods demonstrates difficulties interpreting the results concerning the relation between working conditions and illness. Primary (technical) prevention by reduction of asbestos dust emission, limited use of asbestos and lifelong monitoring of asbestos workers are necessary to reduce the tumour risk.

Accession: 006345030

PMID: 7337538

Related references

Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N., 2009: Asbestos as a risk factor for pulmonary diseases. Asbestos is a recognised carcinogen, one of the most dangerous pollutants in the human environment. This is associated with a huge accumulation of asbestos-containing materials that, as a result of their degradation, release fibres that are practi...

Ferrer, J.; Cruz, Mía.Jesús., 2008: Asbestos as risk factor for lung cancer. Medicina Clinica 130(9): 334-335

Uibu, T.; Oksa, P.; Auvinen, A.; Honkanen, E.; Metsärinne, K.; Saha, H.; Uitti, J.; Roto, P., 2004: Asbestos exposure as a risk factor for retroperitoneal fibrosis. Background Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is an uncommon disease with unknown causation in most cases. The pathognomonic finding is a fibrous mass covering the abdominal aorta and the ureters. Our aim was to clarify the possible role of asbestos e...

di Menza, L.; Hirsch, A.; Bignon, J., 1978: Is asbestos a risk factor in thermic power plants?. La Nouvelle Presse Medicale 7(45): 4157-4159

Lew M., 1985: Obstructive airway disease as a risk factor for asbestos associated malignancies. American Review Of Respiratory Disease Suppl: A209

Harber, P.; Oren, A.; Mohsenifar, Z.; Lew, M., 1986: Obstructive airway disease as a risk factor for asbestos-associated malignancy. A case-control study of a heavily asbestos-exposed group was performed to determine if obstructive airway disorder is an independent risk factor for developing asbestos-associated malignancies. From a group of 1,500 asbestos workers who had previo...

Ross, R., 2014: Asbestosis, not asbestos exposure, is the primary risk factor for lung cancer. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 189(1): 114-115

Kevin B., 1986: Is asbestos or asbestosis the cause of the increased risk of lung cancer in asbestos worker?. British Journal of Industrial Medicine 43(3): 145-149

Selikoff, I.J., 1991: Asbestos disease-1990-2020: the risks of asbestos risk assessment. Toxicology and Industrial Health 7(5-6): 117-127

Patroni M.; Trimarchi R.; Andreoletti F.; Foa V.; Chiappino G., 1987: Occupational risk posed by asbestos in the italian asbestos cement industry. Medicina del Lavoro 78(5): 351-359