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Risk factors for complications of interval tubal sterilization by laparotomy






Obstetrics and Gynecology 62(2): 180-184

Risk factors for complications of interval tubal sterilization by laparotomy

The complication rate among 282 women undergoing interval tubal sterilization by laparotomy was studied as part of the prospective multicenter Collaborative Review of Sterilization. Using a standard definition of major complications, the overall complication rate was 5.7 per 100 procedures. Women experiencing complications had a significantly lengthened postoperative recovery period before the resumption of normal activities. Important risk factors for complications included diabetes, cigarette smoking, previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, and a history of pelvic inflammatory disease. Women with an initial abdominal incision of 7 cm or longer had three times the complication rate of women with shorter incisions. These results provide objective evidence that, for tubal sterilizations, minilaparotomy (laparotomy with a small abdominal incision) is associated with lower morbidity than is conventional laparotomy.


Accession: 006345150

PMID: 6866361



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