EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
52,725,316
Abstracts:
28,411,598
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Risk of lung cancer among iron ore miners: a proportional mortality study of 1,075 deceased miners in Lorraine, France






Journal of Occupational Medicine. 29(9): 762-768

Risk of lung cancer among iron ore miners: a proportional mortality study of 1,075 deceased miners in Lorraine, France

A proportional mortality study of 1,075 iron ore miners in Lorraine, France, who died between 1960 and 1976 showed a significant excess of lung cancer mortality (proportionate mortality ratio = 2.25). Moreover, proportionate lung cancer mortality increased with the duration of work underground (proportionate mortality ratio = 4.24 for subjects who worked underground for more than 30 years) and was higher among pneumoconiotic (siderotic) miners (proportionate mortality ratio = 3.85) than among nonpneumoconiotic miners. These results were confirmed by a case-control study nested in the mortality study. Smoking habits could not be estimated retrospectively with sufficient accuracy to be taken into account. Although the proportion of smokers among contemporary iron ore miners is larger than in the French male population, occupational factors may also play a role; radiation exposure can be ruled out because there is no detectable radioactivity in the Lorraine mines, but dust exposure may be considered as an etiologic factor owing to the relationship between siderosis and lung cancer.


Accession: 006345626

PMID: 3681511



Related references

Mortality of iron miners in Lorraine (France): relations between lung function and respiratory symptoms and subsequent mortality. British Journal of Industrial Medicine 50(11): 1017-1031, 1993

Should the lung cancer of iron-miners in Lorraine be considered an occupational disease?. Revue Francaise des Maladies Respiratoires 7(1): 63-65, 1979

Mortality in gold miners and coal miners in western australia with special reference to lung cancer. British Journal of Industrial Medicine 36(3): 199-205, 1979

Decline in the lung cancer hazard a prospective study of the mortality of iron ore miners in cumbria uk. British Journal of Industrial Medicine 45(4): 219-224, 1988

Lung radiology in iron miners in the Lorraine basin. Revue Medicale de Nancy 79: 17-20, 1954

Lung cancer among coal miners, ore miners and quarrymen: smoking-adjusted risk estimates from the synergy pooled analysis of case-control studies. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health 41(5): 467-477, 2016

Statistical Considerations On Bronchial Cancer In Iron Miners Of The Lorraine Basin. Journal de Radiologie, D'electrologie, et de Medecine Nucleaire 45: 541-546, 1964

A longitudinal study pulmonary function in coal miners in lorraine france. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 8(1): 21-32, 1985

Reanalysis of a longitudinal study of pulmonary function in coal miners in Lorraine, France. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 25(5): 613-623, 1994

Risk of lung cancer mortality in relation to lung doses among French uranium miners: follow-up 1956-1999. Radiation Research 177(3): 288-297, 2012