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Role of alkaline phosphatase in phosphate uptake into brush border membrane vesicles from human intestinal mucosa



Role of alkaline phosphatase in phosphate uptake into brush border membrane vesicles from human intestinal mucosa



Journal of Biochemistry 97(5): 1461-1466



In order to elucidate the physiological function of intestinal alkaline phosphatase, the characteristics of human intestinal alkaline phosphatase bound to brush border membrane vesicles were compared under optimal and physiological pHs. The Km value of this enzyme towards p-nitrophenylphosphate at the physiological pH was lower than that at the optimal pH. At the physiological pH, phosphate, arsenate and vanadate competitively inhibited the alkaline phosphatase activity, as they did at optimal pH, and the K1 values of these inhibitors at the physiological pH were also lower than those at the optimal pH. The effects of various inhibitors and antibody to human intestinal alkaline phosphatase on phosphate uptake into brush border membrane vesicles were investigated. The results indicated that phosphate uptake was affected by various inhibitors and the antibody to human intestinal alkaline phosphatase, but L-homoarginine, levamisole, and ouabain had no effect. From the above findings, it is strongly suggested that human intestinal alkaline phosphatase may function as a phosphate binding protein at low phosphate concentrations under physiological conditions.

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Accession: 006348057

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PMID: 4030732


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