Rubidium uptake by isolated pea pisum sativum cultivar dan mesophyll protoplasts in light and darkness

Rahat, M.; Reinhold, L.

Physiologia Plantarum 59(1): 83-90


ISSN/ISBN: 0031-9317
DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1983.tb06575.x
Accession: 006358183

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Rb+ uptake into protoplasts isolated from the mesophyll of P. sativum L. cv. Dan was followed at intervals of a few minutes in the light and in the dark. The progress curve for uptake in the dark decreased in slope after about 7 min; in the light, by contrast, the slope increased. This effect was more pronounced at pH 7 than at pH 5.5. The pH profile for uptake in the dark rose with increasing pH: in the light the profile flattened, or even fell somewhat, between pH 5.5 and pH 6.5, then rose again. In the dark the proton uncoupler carbonyl cyanide m-chlorphenylyhydrazone (CCCP) had little or no effect, either at pH 5.5 or at pH 7.4; in the light CCCP was strongly inhibitory, particularly at pH 7.4. Increasing concentrations of CCCP produced progressively more and more severe inhibition in the light, but in the dark produced a slight rise in uptake. The ATPase inhibitors quercetin, rutin and diethylstilbestrol, as well as arsenate, all depresed uptake in the light, particularly at higher pH. Dark uptake was sensitive only at pH 5.5, not at pH 7.4. In marked contrast to the case of methyl-3-glucose, where protoplasts which were switched from light to dark took up sugar at the accelerated light rate for the first 7 min in the dark, a switch to darkness produced a Rb+ uptake rate below that for protoplasts held continuously in the dark. It is inferred that the mechanism of Rb+ uptake does not involve proton cotransport. Information regarding the membrane potential was obtained by following the distribution of tetraphenyl phosphonium (TPP+) between protoplasts and medium. The potential was more negative in the light than in the dark. It was also more negative at pH 7 than at pH 5 both in the light and in the dark. Treatment with CCCP produced no appreciable depolarization within the first 20 min, indicating that the CCCP inhibition of Rb+ uptake in the light cannot be ascribed to a reduction in potential. An ATP-fueled K+ porter, or K+-H+ antiporter, seems the most likely explanation. The maintenance of the rising pH profile in the dark, despite the presence of a CCCP concentration which drastically inhibits light uptake, suggests that the profile does not depend on the operation of the proton pump.

Rubidium uptake by isolated pea pisum sativum cultivar dan mesophyll protoplasts in light and darkness