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Selection characterization and regeneration of hydroxyproline resistant cell lines of solanum tuberosum tolerance to sodium chloride and freezing stress



Selection characterization and regeneration of hydroxyproline resistant cell lines of solanum tuberosum tolerance to sodium chloride and freezing stress



Physiologia Plantarum 68(3): 359-366



Sixty-seven hydroxyproline-resistant (hyp) cell lines were selected from cell suspensions of a diploid potato (Solanum tuberosum L., clone H2578) after plating on 5 and 10 mM hydroxyproline (hyp). Resistant colonies were obtained with a spontaneous frequency of 2.9 .times. 10-6. No clear influence could be shown from treatment with N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (10 or 50 .mu.M). Ninety % of the variant lines contained more proline than the wild type when cells were grown away from hyp for 1 month. Total free amino acid content was increased 2.2 to 6.8 times. When the lines were grown for another 2-5 months on non-selective medium, the content of proline and other amino acids and hyp resistance decreased. After this period the values were, however, still substantially higher than in the wild type. When tested for growth on media with other amino acid analogues (azetidine-2-carboxylic acid and dehydroproline, analogues of proline; aminoethyl-cysteine, analogue of lysine and 3-fluorotyrosine, analogue of tyrosine) and on media with inhibitory concentrations of lysine + threonine, lines H4a and H4b4 were cross resistant to these compounds. When tested on media with inhibitory NaCl concentrations, variant lines H2, H4a, H4b4 and H6 showed better tolerance than the wild type. One variant cell line (H4a) was successfully regenerated into plants. Preliminary results showed an increased frost tolerance in the leaves of these plants (-4.5.degree. C compared to -3.degree. C for the wild type), accompanied by a higher leaf proline content. Callus initiated from leaves of the regenerated clones was more resistant to hyp than wild type callus, indicating that the variant trait might be due to a mutation.

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