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Serial exercise radio nuclide angiography validation of count derived changes in cardiac output and quantitation of maximal exercise ventricular volume change after nitro glycerin and propranolol in normal men



Serial exercise radio nuclide angiography validation of count derived changes in cardiac output and quantitation of maximal exercise ventricular volume change after nitro glycerin and propranolol in normal men



Circulation 61(3): 600-609



R-wave-synchronous radionuclide angiography provides time-activity curve information that is assumed to be proportional to ventricular volumes. Serial 2-minute time-activity curves and simultaneous Fick cardiac outputs were performed before and during graded, maximal, supine exercise in 9 normal subjects; each subject exercised without drug intervention, after nitroglycerin and after i.v. propranolol. Imaging was performed using an R-wave-synchronized .gamma. camera-computer system, a high-sensitivity collimator and autologous 99mTc-labeled red blood cells. Fick cardiac output was determined from pulmonary and radial artery blood samples and oxygen consumption. Changes in count-derived cardiac output, expressed as percent change from baseline, closely paralleled changes in Fick output at all levels of exercise for nondrug and nitroglycerin studies. After propranolol, agreement was maintained between both methods for low-to-moderate levels of exercise. Changes in count-defined end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume and stroke volume agreed well with simultaneous heart rate, wedge pressure and Fick measurements, and were in accord with known hemodynamic effects of exercise, nitroglycerin and propranolol. Radionuclide count data apparently accurately reflect true hemodynamic change as determined by the Fick technique and may aid in defining the mechanisms of ventricular dysfunction in coronary and valvular heart disease, providing a better understanding of the effects of interventions in these disorders.

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Accession: 006395631

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PMID: 6766361


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