Serological reactivity and in vivo toxicity of staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins a and d in selected canned foods

Bennett, R.W.; Berry, M.R.Jr

Journal of Food Science 52(2): 416-418

1987


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1147
Accession: 006397495

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Abstract
Staphylococcal enterotoxins A (SEA) and D (SED) were added to infant formula and to cream of celery soup to determine the persistence of their serological and biological activities during stimulated commerical canning. When both food products were retorted at 123.9.degree. C with Fo values of approximately 3 and 8, the enterotoxins were reduced or inactivated serologically; however, they were found to be biologically active when injected into kittens. It was concluded that SEA and SED remain active under some canning conditions and are potential hazards to heatlh.